Classic German Baking: Apfelstrudel (Apple Strudel)

November 16, 2016 (Last Updated: June 29, 2020)
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Classic Apfelstrudel (Apple Strudel) made the German way with hand-stretched dough is the way to go! It’s easier than you think to make homemade apple strudel from scratch, but the results don’t lie. This is the flakiest, most intensely apple Apfelstrudel around.

Slice of apple strudel on a plate with a platter and an apple in the background

Review of Classic German Baking

Normally when I think of popular European desserts, my mind immediately goes to French and Italian classics. There are quite a few German desserts, however, that are outstanding and absolutely worth the effort. I recently received a review copy of Classic German Baking by Luisa Weiss. This was a fun surprise because my experience with German baking is limited. I’ve made pretzels on multiple occasions in the past, as well as apple strudel once in culinary school. Otherwise, most of these classics are new to my cooking repertoire.

I am pleased to discover this robust cookbook is full of 100 classic German recipes for baked goods, savory and sweet. There are extensive introductions to each recipe, but less photos than I would normally like. Many photos are of picturesque German architecture, but I would have preferred more photos of the recipes themselves. This is perhaps my only complaint. The value of the information provided, in great detail and authenticity, makes up for it.

With that said, I’ve only tested one of the recipes so far, but had outstanding results. I have made traditional apple strudel many years ago in culinary school, with hand-stretched dough. I had never attempted it on my own without culinary supervision until now. It’s a dessert I adore, so I’m thrilled to have the opportunity to try this recipe. Weiss also includes sweet variations of strudel featuring plums as well as quark, as well as a couple savory versions filled with cabbage and potatoes. I would love to try those recipes in the future, but since it’s still apple season, a traditional apfelstrudel is perfect.

closeup of a slice of apple strudel on a plate with a platter in the background

How to make Apple Strudel

The recipe begins by soaking raisins in rum overnight. I like where this is going! Next we make the dough, which requires a few minutes of kneading by hand. The result is supple and smooth, and surprisingly easy to stretch by hand until it’s paper-thin.

a ball of dough on a wooden board

The filling is a combination of apples tossed with lemon juice, sugar, cinnamon, and the rum-soaked raisins. You want to make sure you use a slotted spoon when transferring the filling to the stretched dough. Those extra juices will make your strudel soggy.

a closeup of sliced apples with raisins and spices

Use a kitchen towel (or in my case a clean bed sheet) to assist with the rolling of the apple strudel. You’ll use a rolling pin to start creating a rectangular shape. Then place your hands, knuckles up, under the dough and gently stretch it until it’s nearly paper-thin. Brush the surface with melted butter. Toasted, lightly sweetened breadcrumbs create a barrier between the apple filling and the dough. You’re almost there! If you have an extra set of hands, it will help when rolling the apple strudel. Use the towel to help with the rolling, and then carefully roll/place it onto a parchment paper-lined sheet pan. Slather the top and sides with more melted butter, and you’re ready to bake! You will brush butter on the apple strudel a few more times throughout baking, ensuring a beautifully golden, crispy crust.

step by step photos of stretching strudel dough and assembling an apple strudel

Although the recipe can seem intimidating, it’s really not that difficult. I had a bit of kitchen help peeling, quartering, and coring the apples while I simultaneously sliced them. Otherwise, I only spent about 1 1/2 hours on the entire process before my strudel went into the oven. That includes, making the dough, resting the dough, preparing the apple filling, toasting the breadcrumbs, stretching the dough, and assembling and rolling the strudel (and taking photos!). Not too shabby.

a close up of apple strudel filling on a thinly stretched dough before rolling it up

I found a slight editorial issue in the Apfelstrudel recipe, where it indicates to melt the remaining 5 tablespoons or 115 grams of butter, but really that would be 75 grams (what is remaining after using the other 40 grams with the breadcrumbs). I also had a slight leak on one side of my strudel, but it was nothing major, and the finished result was still fantastic! Make sure when you place your strudel on the pan that the seam is on the bottom! This will help avoid a leaking filling.

Sliced apple strudel on a cutting board, topped with powdered sugar

The exterior is crisp and flaky, and the apple and raisin filling practically melts in your mouth. Here are some testimonials from my family:

“This is better than the strudel my grandmother used to make!” – my half-German brother-in-law
“This is better than apple pie!” – my American, pie-loving sister

Well there you have it, folks. Great success making Apfelstrudel from scratch! While some of the book’s readers have had concerns about the minimal amount of yeast in many of the yeasted recipes (per Amazon reviews), I haven’t tried these out myself yet so I cannot comment, but my experience so far as been very positive. This is a book I will use again, and would happily recommend to fellow bakers.

A platter of apple strudel and an apple in the background

If you’re looking for more apple recipes, try some of these:

Have you ever made apple strudel from scratch? Did you stretch your own dough, or use store-bought dough? Let me know in the comments below!

Slice of apple strudel with powdered sugar on a plate
Slice of apple strudel on a plate with a platter and an apple in the background

Apfelstrudel (Apple Strudel)

Classic Apfelstrudel (Apple Strudel) made the German way with hand-stretched dough is the way to go! It's easier than you think to make homemade apple strudel from scratch, but the results don't lie. This is the flakiest, most intensely apple Apfelstrudel around.
5 from 3 votes
Prep Time 1 hr
Cook Time 55 mins
Resting Time 1 d 1 hr
Total Time 1 d 2 hrs 55 mins
Course Dessert
Cuisine Austrian, German
Servings 7 servings
Calories 569 kcal



  • 1/2 cup (75 g) raisins
  • 2 tablespoons dark rum


  • 1 1/4 cups scooped and leveled, minus 1 tablespoon (150 g) all-purpose flour, plus more for dusting
  • Pinch of salt
  • 3 tablespoons sunflower oil or other neutral vegetable oil
  • 1/3 cup (80 ml) water

Apple Filling:

  • 2 1/4 pounds (1 kg) apples (about 6 or 7 medium)
  • Juice of 1 lemon
  • 1/4 cup plus 2 tablespoons (75 g) granulated sugar
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 8 tablespoons (115 g) unsalted butter
  • 1/2 cup (60 g) unseasoned dried bread crumbs
  • 1 tablespoon Vanillezucker (vanilla sugar)
  • 1/8 teaspoon salt


  • Confectioners’ sugar, for dusting
  • Schlagsahne (whipped cream) or vanilla ice cream, for serving



  • The day before you plan to bake, place the raisins and rum in a small nonreactive bowl and cover. Set aside for 24 hours.


  • The day of baking, make the dough. Combine the flour and salt in a small bowl. Pour the oil into the flour mixture, and then slowly add the water, using your index finger to stir. The mixture will be very wet. Continue to stir with your fingers, and as soon as the dough has come together, dump it out onto a work surface (you may lightly flour it if needed, but once you get started with kneading, you won’t need to add more) and start kneading the dough. Knead for 10 minutes (set a timer; the time will pass faster than you think). At the end of the kneading, the dough should be soft, supple, and silky to the touch. Form it into a ball and place it on the work surface. Invert the bowl over the dough and let it rest for 30 minutes.


  • While the dough is resting, prepare the apple filling: Peel, quarter, and core the apples. Slice the quarters thinly, and then cut the slices in half crosswise. Place in a large bowl and toss with the lemon juice, sugar, and cinnamon. Add the plumped raisins and any rum left in the bowl.
  • Melt 3 tablespoons (40 g) of the butter in a small pan over medium-high heat; add the breadcrumbs, Vanillezucker, and salt. Stir to coat and then cook the bread crumbs, stirring constantly, until they are golden brown and very fragrant, 5 to 8 minutes. Don’t let the bread crumbs burn. Set aside.

Assembly and Baking:

  • Heat the oven to 400 degrees F. Line a baking sheet with a piece of parchment paper.
  • Melt the remaining 5 tablespoons (75 g) of butter in a small pan and set aside.
  • On your work surface, spread out a clean cotton or linen kitchen towel that measures at least 24 by 32-inches (I used a folded bed sheet). The long side of the towel should be horizontal and the short side vertical; this is how you want the dough to be positioned later when you fill it. Sprinkle flour lightly over the towel. Place the dough in the middle of the towel and roll it out several times in both directions with a tapered rolling pin until it’s about 10 by 13 inches. Then ball your hands to loose fists, put them under the rolled-out dough, and gently start stretching out the dough using the back of your hands. Alternate with pulling on the dough gently with your fingers to continue stretching the dough. This takes patience and some confidence; you don’t want the dough to rip, but you do need to stretch out the dough with some assertiveness. If it does rip, press the dough together again around the rip. Continue stretching out the dough evenly until it measures 16 by 24 inches and is thin enough that you can see the pattern of the towel through it. Make sure you pull the edges of the dough as thin as you can, too. The dough should be uniformly thin all over.
  • Brush the dough evenly all over with some of the melted butter. On the right side of the rectangle, distribute the toasted, seasoned bread crumbs from top to bottom over one-quarter of the dough, leaving 1 1/4-inch border at the edges on the top, bottom, and right.
  • Drain off any juices that have accumulated at the bottom of the bowl of apples and raisins, and then pile the apple mixture evenly over the bread crumbs. Gently pull the top and bottom edges of the dough over the sides of the filling, stretching slightly if necessary, and then pull the right edge of the dough up and over the filling as far as it will go without tearing. Working carefully, use the towel to roll up the strudel all the way. Using the towel as a sling, gently roll the strudel onto the baking sheet with the bread crumbs on the bottom. If the strudel roll feels sturdy enough, you can instead transfer the roll with your hands. If the strudel is lumpy or larger at one end than the other, use your hands gently but firmly to form the strudel into a uniform shape–it should be the same thickness all the way along its length. Brush the strudel liberally and thoroughly with more of the melted butter.
  • Place the baking sheet in the oven and bake the strudel for 15 minutes; remove from the oven and brush the strudel thoroughly all over with more of the melted butter. Rotate and bake for another 15 minutes; remove again and brush liberally with the remaining butter. Rotate again and bake for an additional 10 to 15 minutes. When ready, the strudel should be crisp to the touch and a deep golden brown.
  • Remove the baking sheet from the oven and put it on a rack to cool for at least 20 minutes before serving. Dust with confectioners’ sugar and slice into 2-inch pieces to serve, with schlagsahne (whipped cream) or vanilla ice cream alongside. Strudel is best the day it is made, but it keeps 1 to 2 days at room temperature. Before serving, crisp up leftover strudel in a 350 degree F oven for a few minutes.

Notes & Nutrition

From Classic German Baking
Servings 7.0  (based on 2″ cut on a 14″ log) * calories 569 * Total Fat 19 g * Saturated Fat 9 g * Monounsaturated Fat 5 g * Polyunsaturated Fat 4 g * Trans Fat 0 g * Cholesterol 34 mg * Sodium 134 mg * Potassium 517 mg * Total Carbohydrate 98 g * Dietary Fiber 11 g * Sugars 56 g * Protein 4 g
*All nutritional information is based on third-party calculations and should be considered estimates. Actual nutritional content will vary with brands used, measuring methods, portion sizes and more.*

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Slice of German apple strudel

*Disclaimer* I received no compensation to write this review other than a free copy of the book. My opinions are always my own.

Amazon disclosure – We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to and affiliated sites.


  • Reply
    January 20, 2020 at 9:52 am

    5 stars
    Love the testimonials! Fantastic photos once again.

  • Reply
    Mary Kabakian
    January 20, 2020 at 2:40 pm

    5 stars
    Great recipe for holidays or any time of the year!

  • Reply
    January 23, 2020 at 10:33 am

    5 stars
    These look like they would be awesome for Christmas Morning breakfast!!!

    • Reply
      January 23, 2020 at 10:43 am

      Yes! With a scoop of vanilla ice cream because why not indulge? hehe

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