For the batter: Toss blueberries with 1 tablespoon (10 grams) all-purpose flour in a small bowl, and place in the freezer.
Place remaining ½ cup plus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour (86 grams) in a medium bowl. Sift in the cake flour, baking powder, and baking soda. Add salt and whisk together.
Place butter in a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, turn to medium-low speed, and cream the butter, until it’s the consistency of mayonnaise.
Add sugar and mix on medium-low speed for about 1 minute until the mixture is fluffy. Scrape down the sides and bottom of the bowl. Add molasses and honey and mix on low speed for about 1 minute to incorporate.
Add eggs and vanilla paste and mix on low speed for about 30 seconds, until just combined. Add half the flour mixture and mix on low speed for 15 seconds, or until just combined. Add half the buttermilk and mix for 15 to 30 seconds to combine. Repeat with the remaining dry ingredients, followed by the remaining buttermilk.
Remove the bowl from the mixer stand and scrape the bottom of the bowl to incorporate any dry ingredients that have settled there. Transfer the batter to a covered container and refrigerate overnight, or up to 36 hours.
For the almond streusel: Combine the all-purpose flour, almond flour, sugar and salt in a bowl and whisk to break up any lumps.
Add butter and toss to coat the pieces. Work the mixture with your fingertips, breaking the butter into pieces no larger than ⅛ inch and combining it with the flour mixture. Do not overwork the mixture or allow the butter to become soft; if it does, place the bowl in the refrigerator to harden the butter before continuing.
Transfer the streusel to a covered container or resealable plastic bag. Refrigerate for at least 2 hours, or up to 2 days, or freeze up to 1 month. Use the streusel while it is cold.
To bake the muffins: Preheat the oven to 425°F. Line a 6-cup jumbo muffin pan with muffin papers and spray the papers with nonstick cooking spray, or alternatively line 13 cups in two standard muffin pans (space them out between the pans) with paper liners. Remove the batter from the refrigerator and let it sit at room temperature for 5 minutes to begin to soften.
Stir the blueberries into the batter and spoon batter evenly into the muffin papers, stopping about ⅜ inch from the top. Divide the streusel over the tops of the muffins.
Place pan in the oven, lower the oven temperature to 325°F, and bake for 36 to 40 minutes for jumbo muffins, 28 to 32 minutes for standard muffins, or until the topping is golden brown and a skewer inserted into the center comes out clean. Set the pan on a cooling rack and cool completely.