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Slice of apple strudel on a plate with a platter and an apple in the background
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5 from 5 votes

Apfelstrudel (Austrian Apple Strudel)

Traditional apple strudel (apfelstrudel) made with hand-stretched dough is the authentic way to make this classic Austrian dessert! It's easier than you think to make homemade apple strudel from scratch. This is the flakiest, most intensely apple apfelstrudel around.
Prep Time45 mins
Cook Time50 mins
Total Time1 hr 35 mins
Course: Dessert
Cuisine: Austrian, German
Servings: 7 servings (based on a 2-inch cut on a 14-inch strudel)
Calories: 569kcal
Author: Victoria



  • ½ cup (75 grams) raisins
  • 2 tablespoons dark rum


  • 1 ¼ cups scooped and leveled, minus 1 tablespoon (150 grams) all-purpose flour, plus more for dusting
  • Pinch of salt
  • 3 tablespoons sunflower oil or other neutral vegetable oil
  • cup (80 ml) water

Apple Filling:

  • 2 ¼ pounds (1 kg) apples (about 6 or 7 medium)
  • Juice of 1 lemon
  • ¼ cup plus 2 tablespoons (75 grams) granulated sugar
  • ½ teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 8 tablespoons (115 grams) unsalted butter
  • ½ cup (60 grams) unseasoned dried bread crumbs
  • 1 tablespoon Vanillezucker (vanilla sugar)
  • teaspoon salt


  • Confectioners’ sugar, for dusting
  • Schlagsahne (whipped cream) or vanilla ice cream, for serving



  • The day before you plan to bake, place the raisins and rum in a small nonreactive bowl and cover. Set aside for 24 hours.


  • The day of baking, make the dough. Combine the flour and salt in a small bowl. Pour the oil into the flour mixture, and then slowly add the water, using your index finger to stir. The mixture will be very wet. Continue to stir with your fingers, and as soon as the dough has come together, dump it out onto a work surface (you may lightly flour it if needed, but once you get started with kneading, you won’t need to add more) and start kneading the dough. Knead for 10 minutes (set a timer; the time will pass faster than you think). At the end of the kneading, the dough should be soft, supple, and silky to the touch. Form it into a ball and place it on the work surface. Invert the bowl over the dough and let it rest for 30 minutes.


  • While the dough is resting, prepare the apple filling: Peel, quarter, and core the apples. Slice the quarters thinly, and then cut the slices in half crosswise. Place in a large bowl and toss with the lemon juice, sugar, and cinnamon. Add the plumped raisins and any rum left in the bowl.
  • Melt 3 tablespoons (40 grams) of the butter in a small pan over medium-high heat; add the breadcrumbs, Vanillezucker, and salt. Stir to coat and then cook the bread crumbs, stirring constantly, until they are golden brown and very fragrant, 5 to 8 minutes. Don’t let the bread crumbs burn. Set aside.

Assembly and Baking:

  • Heat the oven to 400°F. Line a baking sheet with a piece of parchment paper.
  • Melt the remaining 5 tablespoons (75 grams) of butter in a small pan and set aside.
  • On your work surface, spread out a clean cotton or linen kitchen towel that measures at least 24 by 32-inches (I use a folded bed sheet). The long side of the towel should be horizontal and the short side vertical; this is how you want the dough to be positioned later when you fill it.
  • Sprinkle flour lightly over the towel. Place the dough in the middle of the towel and roll it out several times in both directions with a rolling pin until it’s about 10 by 13 inches. Then ball your hands to loose fists, put them under the rolled-out dough, and gently start stretching out the dough using the back of your hands. Alternate with pulling on the dough gently with your fingers to continue stretching the dough. This takes patience and some confidence. You don’t want the dough to rip, but you do need to stretch out the dough with some assertiveness. If it does rip, press the dough together again around the rip.
  • Continue stretching out the dough evenly until it measures 16 by 24 inches and is thin enough that you can see the pattern of the towel through it. Make sure you pull the edges of the dough as thin as you can, too. The dough should be uniformly thin all over.
  • Brush the dough evenly all over with some of the melted butter. On the right side of the rectangle, distribute the toasted, lightly sweetened bread crumbs from top to bottom over one-quarter of the dough, leaving 1 ¼-inch border at the edges on the top, bottom, and right.
  • Drain off any juices that have accumulated at the bottom of the bowl of apples and raisins, and then pile the apple mixture evenly over the bread crumbs. Gently pull the top and bottom edges of the dough over the sides of the filling, stretching slightly if necessary, and then pull the right edge of the dough up and over the filling as far as it will go without tearing. Working carefully, use the towel to roll up the strudel all the way.
  • Using the towel as a sling, gently roll the strudel onto the baking sheet with the bread crumbs and the seam on the bottom. If the strudel roll feels sturdy enough, you can instead transfer the roll with your hands. If the strudel is lumpy or larger at one end than the other, use your hands gently but firmly to form the strudel into a uniform shape–it should be the same thickness all the way along its length. Brush the strudel liberally and thoroughly with more of the melted butter.
  • Place the baking sheet in the oven and bake the strudel for 15 minutes; remove from the oven and brush the strudel thoroughly all over with more of the melted butter. Rotate and bake for another 15 minutes; remove again and brush liberally with the remaining butter. Rotate again and bake for an additional 10 to 15 minutes. When ready, the strudel should be crisp to the touch and a deep golden brown.
  • Remove the baking sheet from the oven and put it on a rack to cool for at least 20 minutes before serving. Dust with confectioners’ sugar and slice into 2-inch pieces to serve, with schlagsahne (whipped cream) or vanilla ice cream alongside. Strudel is best the day it is made, but it keeps 1 to 2 days at room temperature. Before serving, crisp up leftover strudel in a 350°F oven for a few minutes.


  • For the apples you want to use cooking apples (the kind you’d also use for pie). Some varieties of apples that would work well here include Granny Smith, Cortland, McIntosh, Pink Lady, Bramley, and Northern Spy. If you want to use a variety of different types of apples, your apple strudel will have an even more complex flavored filling!
  • I recommend using black or red raisins (anything with a darker color) as it will provide a great color contrast in your filling as opposed to golden raisins which will blend in more with the apples.
  • Use store-bought dried bread crumbs or make your own. To make them yourself add cubes of stale bread to a food processor and process until the bread is reduced to crumbs. Then transfer the crumbs to a baking sheet. Toast the bread crumbs in the oven at 250°F for about 20 minutes give or take, stirring periodically so they toast evenly.
  • To make your own Vanillezucker (vanilla sugar) bury a whole or scraped vanilla bean in 2 cups granulated sugar. Store in an airtight container for 1 to 2 weeks before using as regular, granulated sugar.
  • Adapted from Classic German Baking


Serving: 1piece | Calories: 569kcal | Carbohydrates: 98g | Protein: 4g | Fat: 19g | Saturated Fat: 9g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 4g | Monounsaturated Fat: 5g | Cholesterol: 34mg | Sodium: 134mg | Potassium: 517mg | Fiber: 11g | Sugar: 56g